We are Manufacturer, Supplier, Exporter of Harmonic Filter Capacitors and our setup is situated in Sangli, Maharashtra, India.
It is therefore necessary to reduce & manage the flow of reactive power to achieve higher efficiency of the
electrical system and reduction in cost of electricity consumed.
The most quick & cost effective method of reducing and managing reactive power is by power factor improvement through power capacitors. The concept of reduction in kVA demand from the system is shown in figure 3.
Heavy Duty Capacitors APP (Film + Foil) type
Effect of temperature rise Every capacitor has a specific lowest and highest ambient temperature. Life of capacitor decreases when operated above that limit. Capacitor should not be exposed to heat and must be kept in a well ventilated position to avoid overheating.
In detuned reactor application, the location of reactor affects the temperature of the air surrounding the capacitor. The reactor radiates heat and should be placed always above the capacitor, preferably on top or in a separate column.
The connecting cable between reactor and cables should be kept long to avoid heat transfer. It is always recommended to implement forced air cooling in detuned reactor filter panels. We should also consider the IP rating before opting for forced cooling.
The maximum allowed RMS current is given in technical data of the capacitor. Operating the capacitor beyond that level will reduce the life of the capacitor. Higher current drawn by capacitor means increased losses. This results in heating of the capacitor, thereby, reducing its life.
Operating the capacitor beyond permissible limits of over voltage will damage the capacitor. Some levels of over voltages are accepted only for a short duration but they reduce the life of the capacitor. Such levels must not occur for more than 200 times in the life time of a capacitor.
Capacitors have to be protected against short circuit currents by using fuses or thermal relay. The fuse & thermal relay should not operate for high inrush currents of the capacitor. HRC fuse should never be used for switching. It will result in capacitor failure and possible safety hazard for the operating personnel.
When the capacitor is switched to the network, high inrush currents flow. Fast acting contactors which are capable of handling the high currents level should be used. Capacitor contactors (connected with resistors) are better suited since they can damp the high currents.
Capacitor must be discharged before it is switched ON again. This helps to maintain the life of capacitor. This also reduces the possibility of electrical shock or capacitor failure. The capacitor voltage must reduce to 75V within 3 mins. This is done by connecting a external discharge resistor across the capacitor terminals. No disconnecting device must be connected between the capacitor and discharge resistor.
An earthing terminal has been provided at the lower side of the capacitor has to be used for earthing.
A capacitor with any kind of damage should not be used. Any leakages and physical deformity should be reported to the manufacturer.
Capacitors connected in harmonic rich environment face problems regarding resonance, current amplification and ultimately its failure. To avoid such problems, we need to use detuned reactor along with capacitor.
The capacitors should be kept in an ventilated atmosphere, free from any corrosive medium. They should be cleaned regularly to prevent build up of dust on the terminals.
Note: Product improvement is a continuous process. For the latest information and special applications, please contact us ..